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Alexander struck an astonishing quantity of coins, most of which were leptons that today are considered the most likely candidate for the "Widow's Mite" mentioned in Mark 12: 41-44. In the case of Mattathias, his ambition to become king and high priest of Judaea led him to seek an alliance with the Parthians, who were then at war with the Romans. Shown here is a 28-mm bronze minted by Agrippa II in A. The dating of Agrippa II's coins, which employ two different eras, is still a matter of debate. The first-year issues proclaim “the redemption of Israel”; they are followed by coins of the second year which call for “the freedom of Israel” and by those of the undated third year inscribed “for the freedom of Jerusalem.” Shown here is a zuz of the last year of the war (A. 134/5) which retains part of the inscription of its host coin a silver denarius of the emperor Domitian (A.

He gained Parthian support, by which he eliminated some key rivals and caused one, Herod, to flee to Rome. The war that allowed Herod to defeat his rival Mattathias Antigonus, and to assume power in the Jewish state as an instrument of Rome, also provided him with an exalted place in history. Current theory suggests this coin was issued as a posthumous commemorative for Titus during the reign of his younger brother, Domitian (A.

"Evidently someone here feared the end was approaching and hid his property, perhaps in the hope of collecting it later when calm was restored to the region." All of the coins are stamped with a chalice and the Hebrew inscription, "To the redemption of Zion" on one side.

The second side contains a motif of a lulav (a bundle made from closed frond of the date palm tree, myrtle and willow branches) and an etrog (citron fruit), items used during the Jewish holiday, the Feast of Tabernacles. The IAA's announcement of the discovery coincides with the Ninth of Av, the Hebrew date where Jews commemorate the destruction of the Second Temple.

After a bitter three-year war, the Judaeans were defeated.

To finance the war, the forces of Shim'on Ben Cosiba minted coins consisting of Silver tetradrachms, denarii and assorted bronzes.

Greek Coins Greece & Islands Italy & West Asia & Africa Hellenistic Celtic Jewish Parthian Sassanian Persia & India Coin Index Ancient Medieval Modern China Primitive Antiquities Placing An Order Upcoming Shows Reference Guide Judaea. As could be expected, the Judaeans found this to be offensive and, led by Shim'on Ben Cosiba, revolted against Roman authority.

(reference GIC - Greek Imperial Coinage and S - Greek Coins and Their Values) During the reign of Hadrian, the Romans prohibited circumcision and decided to found a Roman city on the site of Jerusalem.

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Above the coat of arms is a Hebrew phrase that contains the owner's first name.Instead, we'll start with the coinage of the Hasmonean and Herodian rulers, which together comprise the most substantial part of ancient Jewish coinage, and we’ll continue through to provincial coins struck well into the third century A. One of his coins, a lepton which shows a palm branch and a lily, is illustrated here. His personal interest in warfare and his desire to "Hellenize" his court, however, brought him into conflict with the Pharisees, who preferred that their high priest pay attention to his priestly duties and strictly obey the laws of the Torah. C., as the Roman Republic collapsed under the weight of civil war. 48/9 the Romans entrusted him with increasingly greater territories. Base metal coins of the war have different inscriptions, including “the freedom of Zion” and “to the redemption of Zion”. Judaea Capta coins One of the most significant 'victory' coinages issued by the Romans trumpets their victory in the Jewish War (A. Illustrated here is a sestertius of Vespasian from A. 71 that shows the emperor's portrait and on its reverse a bound Jewish captive and a mourning Jewess flanking a palm tree, the Roman symbol for Judaea. The series consists of silver and base metal issues, each attributable to one of the three years of the war. Aelia Capitolina Provincial Coinage The Romans struck coins at no less than 37 cities in the region of ancient Judaea, comprising a field colloquially known as "city coins." Jerusalem was already millennia old by the time its ruins were "founded" as a Roman colony under the name Aelia Capitolina. After being the object of insult on these grounds, Jannaeus is said to have killed 6,000 Jews, which launched a costly and brutal civil war. Because Rome had so great an influence throughout the Mediterranean, "local" rulers often would be forced to choose sides between Rome and its enemies. 37-44), Agrippa II was not made king immediately upon his father’s death due to his youth. His loyalty to Rome is revealed by the fact that he still was allowed to rule after the First Jewish War (A. 66-70), which occurred in the midst of his 50-year reign. While the reverse names Agrippa II, the obverse is devoted to Titus, the general who sacked Jerusalem in 70 and more than a decade later became emperor of Rome. Designs and inscriptions betray the sincerity of the struggle, which makes these coins all the more popular with collectors. The IAA and the Netivei Israel Company are working together to preserve the ancient village while they develop the highway.This is the bookplate of Elkan Nathan Adler (1861-1946), an Anglo-Jewish author, lawyer, historian, and bibliophile.He is famous for being the first European to enter the Cairo Genizah and bringing more than 25,000 fragments back to England.